JSON Serialization/Deserialization using C#.NET

Many a times, we have a need to call third party API or web services and these apis and web services return us data in xml format or JSON format.
The .NET Framework doesn’t give you the tools to do it out-of-the-box.

We can implement JSON Serialization/Deserialization in the three ways:

  • Using JavaScriptSerializer class
  • Using DataContractJsonSerializer class
  • Using JSON.NET library 

This demo would highlight how can we deserialize these objects using
JSON.NET package in nuget package manager.

Json.NET is a package which helps conversion between JSON text and .NET object using the JsonSerializer. It converts .NET objects into their JSON equivalent text and back again by mapping the .NET object property names to the JSON property names.

We will install this package in our project.

Go to Tools Menu -> Choose Library Package Manager -> Package Manager Console. It opens a command window to put the following command.

Install-Package Newtonsoft.Json

In our project we are calling fitbit api and getting heart rate data as httpwebresponse in JSON format. Screenshots below.


More information on Newtonsoft Json – https://www.newtonsoft.com/json

C# – why Dictionary is ahead of lists(look ups)

A quick example to demonstrate why the difference between dictionary “look up” versus lists.

The list of list of students and grades in memory, they have StudentId in common.
In a first way I tried to find Grade of a student using LINQ on a list that takes near 7 seconds on my machine and in another way first I converted List into a dictionary then finding grades of the student from the dictionary using a key.

internal class Program
{
    private static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        var stopwatch = new Stopwatch();
        List<Grade> grades = Grade.GetData().ToList();
        List<Student> students = Student.GetStudents().ToList();

        stopwatch.Start();
        foreach (Student student in students)
        {
            student.Grade = grades.Single(x => x.StudentId == student.Id).Value;
        }
        stopwatch.Stop();
        Console.WriteLine("Using list {0}", stopwatch.Elapsed);
        stopwatch.Reset();
        students = Student.GetStudents().ToList();
        stopwatch.Start();
        Dictionary<Guid, string> dic = Grade.GetData().ToDictionary(x => x.StudentId, x => x.Value);
        foreach (Student student in students)
        {
            student.Grade = dic[student.Id];
        }
        stopwatch.Stop();
        Console.WriteLine("Using dictionary {0}", stopwatch.Elapsed);
        Console.ReadKey();
    }
}

public class GuidHelper
{
    public static List<Guid> ListOfIds=new List<Guid>();

    static GuidHelper()
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < 10000; i++)
        {
            ListOfIds.Add(Guid.NewGuid());
        }
    }
}


public class Grade
{
    public Guid StudentId { get; set; }
    public string Value { get; set; }

    public static IEnumerable<Grade> GetData()
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < 10000; i++)
        {
            yield return new Grade
                             {
                                 StudentId = GuidHelper.ListOfIds[i], Value = "Value " + i
                             };
        }
    }
}

public class Student
{
    public Guid Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Grade { get; set; }

    public static IEnumerable<Student> GetStudents()
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < 10000; i++)
        {
            yield return new Student
                             {
                                 Id = GuidHelper.ListOfIds[i],
                                 Name = "Name " + i
                             };
        }
    }
}

The Magic Console-

Capture1

Make your singleton class thread safe

In this post, we try to get an idea about making thread-safe singleton.

A singleton is a class which only allows a single instance of itself to be created. This class usually gives simple access to that instance. Most commonly, singletons don’t allow any parameters to be specified when creating the instance. Now, in order to make singleton class thread-safe, we can apply to the double-check locking algorithm. In this algorithm, we can put two if conditions to check object is null or not.
First, if condition checks if the object is not null then return the already created object. The second condition we put inside the lock to check if the object is null then only create a new object. The benefit of putting inside condition is to check if multiple threads bypass the first condition at the same time and waiting for their turn to take the lock. Then, in this case, both threads will create a new object. For stopping the above issue, we have to put the second condition.
Below is the example of double-checking locking.
 public class Singleton
    {
        private static readonly Object s_lock = new Object();
        private static Singleton singleton = null;
        private Singleton() { }
        public static Singleton GetSingleton()
        {
            //check 1
            if (singleton != null)
                return singleton; Monitor.Enter(s_lock);
            //check 2
            if (singleton == null)
            {
                Singleton temp = new Singleton();
            }
            Monitor.Exit(s_lock);
            return singleton;
        }
    }